Esfahan is one of the cities which its history and precedence reaches the history of Iron and has been one of the greatest and the in iron in various periods. It was a habitable city which later became the summer residential place for Achaemenid. In Parthian and Sasanid periods, has been the centre of a great province for more than 900 years. This city was conquered by Islamic army in 20 A.H. (640 A.D.). Islamic art and civilisation gradually developed and buildings with Islamic architecture were constructed. Esfahan city with an area of 250 km, elevation of 1575 m. and a population of 1, 159,102 (1992), is the centre of Esfahan Province, which is situated on the eastern slopes of Zagros on the northern and southern banks of Zayandeh Rud. The International Airport of Esfahan, is located in north east of the city at a distance of 35 km which has daily and weekly flights to other cities and countries. It is 335 km to Tehran by air.
There was a square called Naqsh-e-Jahan, before Esfahan was chosen the capital by safavid. During the reign of Shah Abbas the Great, many historical monuments were built around it such as: Emam Mosque (Shah Mosque), Sheykh lotfollah Mosque, Ali Qapu, Qeysariyeh Portal. This square measures 510 m. by 163 m.
One of the most interesting historical places of Esfahan is Menar Jonban which is at 6 km west of Esfahan, on the way to Najafabad. There are two minarets on the sides of Abu Abdollah's Tomb which are known as Menar Jonban. According to the tomb stone the construction date is 716 A.H. (1316 A.D.).
Jolfa quarter, is located in south bank of Zayandeh Rud. There are 14 churches there, which the most famous one is Vank Church. This church was built during Shah Abbas 2 period. There are various beautiful paintings about the life of Christ in this church.
This palace was constructed in 1057 A.H. (1647 A.D.) with an area of 67,000 m2 This construction has a portico, 18 columns and a mirror hall with architrave, beautiful and precious paintings.
Khaju Bridge, was constructed over Zayandeh Rud by the order of Shah Abbas 2, and was inaugurated in 1060 A.H. (1650 A.D.).
It consists of commercial warehouses and carvanserais and is of historical and interesting places. Esfahan is known as the city of artists and craftsmen. The most important souvenirs from Esfahan are as follows: gas (a kind of sweet), inlay and enamel works, miniature paintings, fretwork, fur, gold and silverware, engraving, braid, ceramics, carpet, etc.
Emam Khomeyni Square (Shah Square): This square was constructed in 1021 A.H. (1612 A.D.) during the Shah Abbas 1 Period. Emam Mosque (Shah) is in south of this square, ehich is counted as one of the architecture and tile work masterpieces of the 11th century A.H. (17th century A.D.). This square was once a great polo field. Today the marble goal posts still stand.
Si-o-Seh Pol or Pol-e-Allahverdi Khan: This bridge is one of the historical monuments of Esfahan and was constructed in the south of Chahar Bagh Street over Zayandeh Rud. It consists of 33 arches and was constructed with bricks (300 m long and 14 m wide) in 1011 A.H. (1602 A.D.) by the order of Shah Abbas 1 and by Allahverdi Khan.